What Country Has The Shortest Height In The World?

by   |   Jan 31, 2024
5/5 - (1 vote)

When we step into the realm of human height, we enter a world as diverse as the cultures and landscapes that define our planet. From the skyscraping giants who reach for the heavens to the individuals of more modest stature, our global population showcases a mesmerizing spectrum of heights that shift and change from one corner of the world to another. Each nation seems to have its own unique story to tell when it comes to the heights of its people, painting a vivid picture of the complex interplay of genetics, environment, and culture. Are you ready to embark on a journey through this article, exploring the captivating secrets hidden behind the variations in human height around the globe? Let’s unravel this intriguing phenomenon together.

Top 10 countries with the shortest height

According to the 2019 Height and Body Mass Survey by the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), the following are the top 10 countries with the shortest average height for adult males and females combined:

  1. Timor-Leste: 5 feet 2 inches (157.7 cm)
  2. Yemen: 5 feet 2.4 inches (158.4 cm)
  3. Laos: 5 feet 2.6 inches (158.9 cm)
  4. Madagascar: 5 feet 2.6 inches (159.2 cm)
  5. Malawi: 5 feet 2.7 inches (159.4 cm)
  6. Nepal: 5 feet 3 inches (160.0 cm)
  7. Rwanda: 5 feet 3 inches (160.4 cm)
  8. Uganda: 5 feet 3.2 inches (160.6 cm)
  9. Burkina Faso: 5 feet 3.3 inches (160.8 cm)
  10. Papua New Guinea: 5 feet 3.3 inches (160.8 cm)

What country has the shortest height in the world?

Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor, is a country located in Southeast Asia, occupying the eastern half of the island of Timor. This country currently has the shortest height in the world.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the average height for adult males in Timor-Leste is around 5 feet 3 inches (160 cm), and for adult females is around 4 feet 11 inches (150 cm). It is important to note that these are just averages, and individual heights can vary depending on a range of factors.


How small is Timor-Leste?

Timor-Leste is a relatively small country in terms of both land area and population. It has an area of approximately 5,760 square miles (or 14,919 square kilometers). As of 2021, it has an estimated population of around 1.3 million people, which also makes it one of the least populous countries in the region. However, despite its small size, Timor-Leste is home to a diverse range of cultures and languages and has a rich history and natural beauty that make it an important part of the global community.

Why are people in Timor-Leste so short?

There is no definitive answer to this question, but some studies suggest that the population’s short stature in Timor-Leste is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The limited availability and access to nutrient-rich foods, as well as high rates of malnutrition and infectious diseases, can contribute to stunted growth. Additionally, genetic factors may play a role, as shorter stature is common among populations in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands.

What is the history of Timor-Leste?

The history of Timor-Leste is a captivating tapestry of resilience and struggle, spanning millennia and marked by a complex interplay of indigenous cultures and colonial powers. This enchanting land in Southeast Asia, situated on the eastern half of the island of Timor, bears witness to a turbulent past that has shaped its identity.

Long before European explorers set foot on its shores in the 16th century, Timor-Leste was a cradle of diverse indigenous groups whose roots stretched back thousands of years. However, with the arrival of European colonial powers, the region’s fate took a new turn. The Dutch, Portuguese, and British established colonies and trading posts, weaving their influence into the fabric of Timor-Leste’s history.

The darkest chapter unfolded during World War II when Japanese forces occupied Timor-Leste. Their presence left scars of war crimes and atrocities etched in the collective memory of the local population. After the war, Portuguese control was reasserted but faced mounting pressure from nationalist and independence movements.

In 1975, Timor-Leste seized the opportunity to declare its independence from Portugal, only to be swiftly invaded and occupied by neighboring Indonesia. For over a quarter of a century, this period of Indonesian rule was characterized by pervasive violence, human rights violations, and the ruthless suppression of dissent.

The turning point came in 1999 when, under the auspices of the United Nations, the people of Timor-Leste participated in a historic referendum, emphatically choosing independence. Following a transitional period and international intervention, Timor-Leste proudly proclaimed its sovereignty in 2002.

In the wake of independence, Timor-Leste embarked on a challenging journey of rebuilding its infrastructure and institutions, while grappling with persistent political and social issues. Nevertheless, the nation has made remarkable strides in areas like economic development, social welfare, and human rights.

As Timor-Leste continues to shape its destiny, its history serves as a testament to the enduring spirit of its people and their unwavering commitment to a brighter future. This tale of resilience and determination reminds us that the pursuit of liberty and self-determination is a journey worth undertaking, no matter the obstacles encountered along the way.

What is the culture of Timor-Leste like?

The cultural tapestry of Timor-Leste weaves together a captivating mosaic, drawing from a rich palette of Austronesian, Melanesian, and Portuguese influences. It is a tapestry where threads of community, tradition, and ancestral reverence are intricately intertwined.

At the heart of Timorese culture lie the rhythms of music and the grace of dance. Traditional songs and dances continue to flourish, gracing community gatherings and festivals with their vibrant presence. Art and craftsmanship also find profound appreciation here, with weaving and woodcarving carrying the weight of symbolic motifs and intricate designs.

Religion holds a significant place in Timorese life, where a synthesis of Catholicism and traditional animist beliefs takes root. The annual calendar is punctuated by religious festivals and ceremonies, marked by lively processions, the melodies of traditional music and dance, and the joyous feasts that follow.

Food, a universal language of culture, offers a delectable glimpse into Timorese identity. Culinary traditions blend elements of Southeast Asian, Portuguese, and indigenous cuisine, resulting in dishes that celebrate grilled fish, aromatic rice creations, and hearty stews teeming with vegetables, spices, and meat or fish.

In essence, Timor-Leste’s culture is a tapestry of togetherness, where the threads of tradition are lovingly woven, and nature is held in profound reverence


What is the economy of Timor-Leste based on?

The economy of Timor-Leste is primarily based on oil and gas exports. In fact, the country is heavily dependent on oil and gas revenues, which make up the majority of its income. Other sectors of the economy include agriculture, fisheries, and tourism, although they are not as developed as the oil and gas sector. The government of Timor-Leste has been trying to diversify the economy. They want to promote sustainable development. However, progress has been slow. This is because they face many challenges. Some of these challenges include a lack of infrastructure and human capital. Additionally, they have limited access to international markets.

How can people in Timor-Leste grow taller?

Several factors contribute to a person’s height, including genetics, nutrition, and environment. While genetics cannot be changed, improving nutrition and overall living conditions can have a positive impact on height.

In Timor-Leste, improving access to nutritious food and healthcare, as well as promoting physical activity and a healthy lifestyle, can help support better growth and development. Additionally, addressing poverty and improving economic opportunities can lead to better living conditions and ultimately better health outcomes, including height.

In conclusion, 

Despite confronting a multitude of formidable obstacles, such as economic hardships and healthcare disparities, the resilient people of Timor-Leste possess a vibrant and distinctive cultural heritage that endures and flourishes. As this nation forges ahead on its path of progress and modernization, concerted initiatives aimed at enhancing nutritional standards and healthcare accessibility hold the promise of not only elevating the well-being of its citizens but also potentially contributing to the physical stature of future generations.


Joy Bauer is a renowned physician and nutrition expert who has dedicated her career to helping people live healthier, happier lives. With over two decades of experience in the field of health and wellness, Dr. Bauer has become one of the most trusted voices in the industry.
About This Researcher
One of Dr. Bauer’s areas of expertise is in the field of height growth. She has worked with countless patients over the years who were looking to increase their height naturally, and has developed a range of effective strategies and techniques to help them achieve their goals.

Dr. Bauer believes that a healthy diet and lifestyle are essential for optimal growth and development. She works closely with her patients to develop personalized nutrition plans that are tailored to their unique needs and goals. These plans include a variety of nutrient-dense foods and supplements that are designed to support healthy bone growth and development.

In addition to her work in height growth, Dr. Bauer is also a leading expert in the areas of weight loss, disease prevention, and overall wellness. She is a regular contributor to a number of popular media outlets, including The Today Show, The Dr. Oz Show, and Good Morning America.

If you’re looking for a physician who is passionate about helping you live your best life, look no further than Dr. Joy Bauer. With her expertise, compassion, and commitment to excellence, she is the ideal partner for anyone who is looking to achieve their health and wellness goals.

The reason behind the creation of the website HowToGrowTaller is to provide effective guidance and support to individuals who are looking to increase their height naturally. Dr. Joy Bauer recognized that many people feel self-conscious or insecure about their height, and that there is a great deal of misinformation out there about how to grow taller.

With HowToGrowTaller, Dr. Bauer wanted to create a comprehensive resource that would provide individuals with the tools, knowledge, and support they need to achieve their height goals. The website includes a wide range of resources, including nutrition plans, exercise routines, and other proven strategies that are designed to support healthy growth and development.

One of the key benefits of HowToGrowTaller is that it is a one-stop-shop for all things related to height growth. Instead of spending countless hours researching different strategies and techniques, individuals can turn to the website to access everything they need in one convenient location.

Overall, the goal of HowToGrowTaller is to help individuals feel more confident and empowered in their bodies. By providing them with the resources and support they need to grow taller naturally, Dr. Bauer hopes to help people achieve their height goals and improve their overall quality of life.

Researcher Locations:

33 Whitehall Street, New York
Email: howtogrowtaller.com@gmail.com

Education & Training
Pediatric Psychology – Nemours Childrens Clinic – Jacksonville, 2003

Child Psychology – University of Florida, 2002

Board Certifications
American Board of Professional Psychology

Areas of Research


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